Arts and Crafts of Hebei
There are a large number of
traditional and rich artistic handicrafts in Hebei province, not only
the old-line traditional earthen arts, such as Kiln Ding, Kiln Ci, Kiln
Xing and Black Pottery, but also the wonderful carving arts, such as
stone carving, bone carving, wood carving and shell mosaic. In addition,
there are also vivid ornaments include the cloth-pasted picture,
filigree, filigree head ornaments, artificial amber, and also exquisite
manual weaving arts, such as tapestry, wickerwork, reed-woven applique
and embroidery, all kinds of literature and sport facilities, such as
brush pens, Inkstones, balls, many hand-made products, such as
paper-cut, mud-mold, flour-mold, kite, palace lantern and festive
Chinaware of Kiln Ding定窑陶瓷
Chinaware is one of five ancient
traditional Chinese in China, produced in Quyang City, Hebei province.
From Tang Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty, it had flourished for hundreds of
With the fine quality, white and
adamant surface, peculiar shape and colorful accessories, Chinaware of
Kiln Ding is very famous in the world.
At the beginning of 1970s,
Chinaware of Kiln Ding began to produce again. At present, besides the
remained traditional excellent products, there are hundreds of new
products of 8 sets, such as figures, wall ornaments, lampstands,
stationery, the Eight Trigrams pots, magic pots, dragon-carved cups,
zilv cup, tea cups, tableware, drinking ware, movie prop,
mini-buildings. That completes the process from an imitation of
Chinaware of Kiln Ding to the modern Chinaware of Kiln Ding.
Quyang Dingci Co. Ltd. is the
only Dingci chinaware manufacturing factory in China。Its'
products export to Europe, North America, Japan, Africa and other
countries, and get high praise from many China and foreign countries
chinaware lovers, collectors and connoisseurs.
Located in Pengchen and
Cixian, Handan City, Hebei Provience, Cizhou Pottery belongs to the
China famous civilian pottery, and it's the representative in North of
China. Cizhou Pottery began to be produced at Shui Dynasty, prosperous
in Tang Dynasty, and until Song Dynasty in 10th century, its'
development reached the top and had civilian characteristics.
The methods of making Cizhou
Pottery are very fine, using design and painting together, having
various themes, religious structures, vivid and historical custom
pictures, such as flowers, birds, fish, insects, dragons, phoenixes,
deer, horses, marketing view, old and young, poems, etc.
Cizhou Pottery has colorful
glazes, such as white, black, red and green, especially be famous for
white color, using the black and white color in decoration. Kiln Cizhou
mostly uses the artistic pottery and daily porcelain, which is the
representative of folk pottery and porcelain in the north. In the
history, Kiln Cizhou assembled more than 30 kinds of decorating skills.
In the Song, Jin and Yuan Dynasty, it created the "Carving in the white
base", "Embroidery in the iron", "Pearl's ground", "Brown in the white
base", "Whit carved flowers", "Carved flower on black glaze" etc.
The kiln series of Kiln Cizhou
have the same kinds of products in both south and north of Yellow River.
In the period of the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the
Republic of China, the blue and white products of this kiln covered the
most area around the North China and South China. Now, Kiln Cizhou has
become one of the biggest porcelain regions. Its products have the great
value of appreciation, collection and use.
Tanshan is one of main chinaware
production place in China, having the honor of "chinaware capital in
North of China". Manufactured from Ming Dynasty, about year 1403, during
the long-term practice, Tangshan chinaware have formed its special local
style, mainly including
There are over 300 kind of
Tangshang chinaware, including Chinese and foreign dishware, tea set,
coffee set, wine set, stationery, smoking set, cup, dish, bowl, kinds of
vase, porcelain carving, ceramic tile and fresco.
The main methods of decorating
Tanshan chinaware are carving, painting and glazing, and the
representatives are bone china, while jade china, pencil stone, yulan
china, etc. Every year, there are about 1500 products exported to
Europe, North America, Australia.
Black Pottery rooted from
Chinese old cultures and developed for more than 7,000 years.
Originally, it regarded as people's daily appliances, and as time went
on, it became into one simple but elegant art. The black potteries, from
Xiongzhou and Taoshan in Hebei Provience, are the most famous.
Xiongzhou Black Pottery has the
features "close texture, simple, unsophisticated and elegant, color like
the black jade, sounds like the chime stone". Having its unique
manufacturing methods, the black pottery in Xiongzhou includes more than
460 catalogues, formed various varieties such as Black Pottery, Carving
Pottery, etc. Black pottery has become the perfect goods of decorating
hotels and rooms, presenting to friends and art collecting for its
Black Pottery of Xiongzhou got
high praise for several times at the World Exposition Exhibition and
National Exposition, and the products export to over 10 countries, such
as USA, Japan, Singapore, Canada and Australia.
The black pottery of Taoshan has
several characteristics, black color, bright, thin but rigid surface,
fine quality, elegant model, smart design, rich arts intention and
representing full-bodied eastern culture. Getting the art of pottery,
lacquer and setting, Taoshan Black Pottery has 4 main series about 500
varieties products, and many export to USA, West Europe and South-East
of Asia. It has become into one of China traditional arts.
White pottery of Kiln Xing邢窖白瓷
Originated in the place of
Neiqiu, Hebei Provience, White Pottery of Kiln Xing belonged to the
series of China Tang Dynasty pottery products. It began to be produced
in Sui Dynasty, and till Tang Dynasty, it got deep development. In the
middle of Tang Dynasty, it formed its particular feature, and its art
achievements can compared with Yueyao Green Pottery.
White Pottery of Kiln Xing and
Green Pottery of Kiln Yue are the Main two representatives in Tang
Dynasty Pottery Production. With rigid and thin surface, pure and bright
glaze, White Pottery of Kiln Xing is often be used as bowl, bottle,
plant, box, etc.
Twisted Pottery was a
rare chinaware in Tang Dynasty. Pile up the mud of different colors
together and twist it till forms the unique model, then let the product
dry and fire it, a perfect pottery comes into been. Because of the
special methods and different colors, the twisted pottery presents all
kinds of abstract art pictures, and from the inside to the outside, the
flower patterns connected together. The twisted pottery not only has the
good quality, looking like gern, but also represents rich traditional
nation art and unique style, feeling firm, slender and elegant.
The traditional method of
making the Twisting Pottery was lost in Song Dynasty, but through the
continuously study, Yi Xian Twisted Pottery Manufacturing Co., Ltd, was
successful in developing a new way of making the twisted pottery and the
new products represent more art values. Until now, the twisted pottery
has been regarded as our national gift and given to the foreign mugwumps
for 9 times.
Quyang Stone Carvings曲阳石雕
Quyang Stone Carvings of Hebei
originated in the Han Dynasty and is popular in the Tang Dynasty. And
there are lots of famous successive artists. The Golden Water Bridge in
front of Beijing Tian'anmen was designed and built by Yang Qiong who
from Quyang in the Yuan Dynasty. And the ten buildings, Chairman Mao
Memorial Hall in Beijing, gardens and mausoleums all over the country
are also the Quyang craftsmen' masterpieces. The old craftsman Lu
Jinqiao, the Chinese first master of white marble carvings, was called
as "Chinese artistic master" in the 3rd National Congress of Artistic
Craftsmen and Professionals.
The natural white marble that is
used in Quyang Stone Carvings is in rich reserves and grow under the
Yellow Mountain in the south of the county. The white marble is bright,
pure and durable. It is easy for carving, weathering-resisting and
lasting in color.
Quyang Stone Carvings have
varied kinds, such as the Eastern and Western figures, gardens and
building, birds and beasts, fireplace, tombstone, varied handicrafts and
household necessities and all kinds of planking.
Quyang Stone Carvings have the
very special artistic styles, such as the wonderful conception,
beautiful figures, clear and vivid decorative patterns, consummate and
smooth cutting and slicing. The materials that are used include the
white marble, granite, jade etc. The color include white, black, yellow,
green, red and gray etc. What's more, there are various wood carvings.
Quyang County enjoys a fame of
"the hometown of carvings" at home and abroad. Nowadays, on the basis of
traditional skills, Quyang Stone Carvings also adopt the skills of
modern stone carvings and engravings and create the new skills, such as
sculpture, relief, line-carving and jade carving. They use the
perspective, anatomy and aesthetics in the carving. And the products
have more than 300 kinds. In 1991, Quyang was named "the hometown of
Chinese folk arts-------the hometown of stone carvings" by Ministry of
Yangyuan Stone Carvings阳原石雕
Yangyuan Stone Carvings of
Zhangjiakou have a long history. The stone materials have seven color of
red, orange, blue, green, white and purple, which is called by a joint
name of "Heng Mountain Jade". According to the records in Annals of
Yangyuan County, the flint and jade in the area between Shibao Mountain
and Pan Mountain were found and used in the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing
Dynasty, the local peasants generally mined the stones in their spare
time. In the Republic of China, there were flint workshops in which
produced the ring ornaments, fan pendants, seals, cigarette holders,
snuff bottles and toys. They are sold not only in the area of Beijing
and Tianjin but also far to Paris. After 1949, Yangyuan Carvings use the
advantages of rich material reserves, good quality, bright color and
close texture and form its own style and features gradually.
The handicrafts of Yangyuan
Stone Carvings are carved with the jade-carving tools. The main products
have hundreds of varieties of five kinds, such as the ancient and modern
figures, animals, stone-like utensils, ornaments and handicrafts etc.
They are the key products in Hebei. For example, the small marble
carvings are exquisite smooth; the traditional carvings mainly use be
lines, which is elegant; the imitation of the Western carvings is vivid.
The products of figures, animals, flowers, birds and the four treasures
of the study are different in shapes and styles include the classical,
the abstract, the deformed and the realistical. And the large-size
outdoor sculpture is new and special in approach, exact and vivid in
shape, careful and durable in workmanship, rough and unconstrained in
style. At present, there are more than one thousand workers who take
carving as their jobs in Yangyuan. The annual output reaches to 20000
Yangyuan Stone Carving Co. Ltd,
the local biggest company that produces carving products, has produced
more than 300 kinds of carvings.
Chengde Wood Chip Carvings承德木皮雕
Wood chip is the scrap with
marks and grains on them. But their shape is natural. So they can be
used as the new material for handicrafts. The wood chip carving is made
of its own natural feature. It focuses on the natural harmony and pure
The craftsman Zhao Yizhi of
Chengde has taken the root carving, stone engraving, horn carving and
animal specimen making as his job for a long time. The wood chip carving
is a new style of artistic creation that he has taken in recent years as
a job to protect ecology and environment. The representative words
include Peddling and Heavy-jowled and Potbellied etc.
Chengde Wood Carvings承德木雕
Chengde Wood Carvings, an
artistic masterpiece that is based on the traditional wood carving arts,
use the unique and precious wood as the material and have the distinct
local artistic character. The production of "Nanmu Table" has a history
of more than 200 years.
The craftsmen use the elm,
Chinese catalpa, apricot and linden as the material to carry them into
the shapes of the kang table, round table, square table, side table and
sofa bed etc. The center surface of the table is inlaid with the
beautiful pieces of elm and orange Chinese catalpa carvings. The grain
is beautiful and varied. The surface of the table uses wood chips of
different colors to form the varied three-dimensional pattern. And
around the pattern, the scenery, ancient building, hills and stones of
Yanshan Mountain in Chengde are carved.
"Day-open and Night-close Wood"
is a rare and precious local wood. The texture of this wood is bright,
pure and smooth. The craftsman carved it into the shapes of hanging
screen, seating screen and table plaque etc. and also carved flowers,
birds, animals, temples and hills on it to make them exquisite and
An'xin Wood Relief安新木制浮雕
The arts of Wood Relief Hanging
is one of local arts of Baiyangdian in An'xin. It uses the natural color
of different kinds of wood and is produced after the procession of
decomposition, lightening and covering. And it has the features of
non-fading, non-deformation and long-lasting. In recent years, the
handicrafts of Wood Relief have developed and became the special tourist
products of Baiyangdian.
From 1992, the local craftsman
Guang Yu of An'xin has been engaged in studying this craft. Hundreds of
patterns designed by him are approved by the foreign merchants and
experts and have won prizes in the large fairs for several times.
Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic秦皇岛贝雕画
Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic is the
handicraft that is made of the spiral shells from the seashore. The
local craftsmen of the shell carving use the traditional skills of shell
inlaying and the structure of Chinese traditional painting. They adopt
the strong points of the arts of teeth carving and wood carving, and
carve the varied and interesting relief picture. And it gets its own
The craftsmen use the natural
color, grain and shape of the shells, accord the need of pattern and
inlay the Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic. It has the exquisite workmanship and
careful ornament. After the shell is cut and smoothened, some of them
are as thin as cicada's wings, some are as tiny as the grain of rice,
some are as thin as hair and some are as bright as pearls. In order to
made every line or every part more distinct, the craftsmen also choose
the shell that has a original color to make the color of the picture
more vivid. For example, the Red-mouth Spinal is used as the camellia
and the Pink-mouth one is used as the lotus.
Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber山海关人造琥珀
Amber, is a kind of resin fossil
that is formed from the natural resin for thousands of years. It is just
as precious as agate and jadeite. With the advantages of facing the sea
and rich wild plants and animals' resources, Shanhai Pass Artificial
Amber that copies the natural amber use the artificial resin, encircle
the plants and animals' bodies in the crystal.
Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber
has not only scientific value but also artistic value. The biotic
specimen made by the workmanship of artificial amber can remain the
original color and shape for a long rime. Since it can reappear the
varied biotic postures in the nature, it has an important meaning in
science, teaching and exhibition. At the same time, it can made into all
kinds of ornaments, daily necessities and souvenirs to beautify the
At present, Shanhai Pass
Artificial Amber has more than 120 kinds include the cicada, shrimp,
butterfly, frog, locust, mantis, small tortoise and crab etc.
Inner-painted Snuff Bottle内画鼻烟壶
The snuff bottle is the result
of the combination of Chinese culture and Western culture. In the period
between the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing
Dynasty, the snuff was carried to China and the snuffbox gradually
changed into the snuff bottle. Inner-painted Snuff Bottle, a unique
Chinese handicraft, originated in the period of Emperor Daoguang in the
Qing Dynasty and has a history of 200 years. It uses the specially-made
hook-shaped brush and bamboo pen that dip the pigments to paint in the
inner-wall of the bottle according to the method of the Chinese
traditional paintings. Inner-painted Snuff Bottle, a unique handicraft
that is of a high artistic value, is the very treasure that lots of
collector would collect.
Inner-painted Snuff Bottle is a
mini-handicraft that uses the agate, crystal and glass as the base and
has a picture that is painted in the inner-wall. At present, there are
four schools in the country-------Ji School, Jing School, Lu School and
Yue School. And the Ji School that is famous for its pictures of
mountains and rivers, flowers and birds, animals, insects and figures.
It has the exquisite workmanship, form and spirit, calligraphy and
painting at both.
Wang Xisan is a representative
of arts of inner painting. His works are deep, vivid, varied in lines,
harmony in color, careful in arrangement and elegant in pattern.
Hengshui Special Handicrafts Factory is a professional factory that
produces the inner-painted products. The products include the
inner-painted ornaments, beads, drinking set, outer-painted "Ancient
Moon House" large glassware and enamel.
Dachang Bone Carvings大厂骨雕
Bone carving, evolved from the
ivory carving, was carried from Beijing to Dachang County of Langfang in
the beginning of 1970s. Bone carving products include all kinds of
figures, animals, plants and buildings, such as Buddha sculptures,
maidservants, warriors, horses, elephants, lions, Chinese cabbages,
pagodas and temples etc. Among the shapes, some are powerful and grand,
some are small and exquisite, some are graceful and some are
good-natured. And some of the colors are plain, others are bright.
There are three big factories
that produce the bone carvings in Dachang County-----Zhang Shaozong's,
Zhang Shaohe's and Zhang Shaohua's. the bone carvings mainly have three
kinds of workmanship that are assembling, wrapping and coloring. The
procession is as following: cut the bone into pieces and smoothen them,
then adhere them to a wooden base, then followed the polishing, carving,
coloring and assembling. And some products are decorated with bronze and
iron, which are more colorful and varied.
Teng Cloth-pasted Picture滕氏布糊画
Teng Cloth-pasted Picture is a
new kind of picture that is invented by the famous folk artist Teng Teng
of Fengning in Chengde City.
The skill of Teng Cloth-pasted
Picture adopts the strong points of the painting, carving, embroidering,
mounting and Paper-cut. It is particular in using materials, magnificent
in colors, exquisite in workmanship, vivid in pictures, special in
subjects and suitable for collecting etc. Either the figure, scenery or
birds, flowers, fishes, insects can be painted in a picture. It has the
effect of perspective in oil painting, also the character of Chinese
traditional painting. It has not only the colorful appearance of Gongbi
Picture but also the style of cloth-pasted picture. The procession of
the cloth-pasted picture include the outline drawing, decomposition,
plate making, plastic, burdening, cloth pasting, assembling and
decorating. Among the varied materials, the leading ones are twill-weave
silk, satin, others include the wood, paperboard, sponge, silk flowers
and hear ornaments etc.
The high-grade handicrafts and
ornaments of Teng Cloth-pasted Picture now have hundreds of varieties of
four major kinds. The representative works are "Dragon and Phoenix
Wall", "The Peerless Cloth-pasted Temple", "The Magic Phoenix Bottle"
and "Daweide's Fear of Buddha" etc.
Zhangjiakou Silver Filigree
Zhangjiakou Silver Filigree
Ornament is produced on the basis of raking over our Chinese traditional
craft of silver. It was the exquisite filigree craft, choose all kinds
of subjects of folk arts, then complete the excellent artistic shape
that is clear and harmony on the basis of setoff, decoration and color.
Then the silver lines that are as thin as hair are used to complete the
ornaments under the procession of welding, bluing, gilding, inlaying the
treasure. The representative ones are "Lotus Lantern" and "Peacock and
The handicrafts that have a
heavy national character are mainly sold to Kuwait, Japan, Philippines,
Hong Kong and other countries and areas.
Dacheng Filigree is an old
traditional folk craft. When there are gold and silver products, there
is a beginning of filigree craft. The filigree craft include engraving
and inlaying. The engraving is to engrave flowers, birds, fishes,
insects and figures with a burin on a finished bronze board or silver
board. The inlaying is to make up a original base by merging the
engraved bronze board and silver board together and complete it by
electroplating it with gold, silver or electrophoresis.
The texture of filigree crafts
include the iron, bronze and silver. The iron is used for the cup, sword
and spear and sign board etc. The bronze is used for the cloisonné,
plaque and head ornament box etc. And the silver is used for the
high-grade products, such as the Buddhism Guanyin sculpture, Wealth God
sculpture, dragon, phoenix, kettle and bowl etc.
Chenfu Village Filigree Craft of
Dacheng Hui Autonomous County in Langfang is just the representative
Gu'an County of Hebei enjoys the
fame "the hometown of wickerwork". The wickerwork is a traditional
handicraft in Gu'an and has a history of 600 years. As early as the
period of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty, the local peasants began to plant
willow and weave the wickerwork. In the first years of the Qing Dynasty,
the local wickerwork include the wicker suitcase, basket, sheng, dustpan
and shallow basket that are exquisite in skill, beautiful in shape,
durable and sold to Beijing, Tianjin and Suzhou. At the end of the Qing
Dynasty, the wickerwork products have hundreds of varieties.
After 1949, Gu'an Wickerwork
developed greatly and became a wickerwork craft of the combination of
aesthetics, weaving skills and scientific technologies. In 1960s, the
wickerwork go around the whole country. And there are more than 4000
persons take it as their jobs. The main handicrafts include the
suitcase, tea table, fruit basket, gaily decorated basket, bread basket,
gift basket, tableware plate, mul-layer hanging plate and head ornament
box etc. Since 1963, Gu'an Wickerwork have exported more that 300 kinds
of products that are sold to over 40 countries and areas, including
Japan, America, Western Germany, France and Italy etc.
Wangdu Straw-woven Ware望都草编
The straw-woven ware is a local
handicraft of Wangdu and Tang County. The raw material is the stem or
stalk of wheat that is woven, colored and made by peasant women, and
made into the daily ornamental necessities, such as straw hat and gaily
decorated basket etc.
Since 1972, some women of Wangdu
have taken the straw-woven ware as their sideline. Because the raw
material resource is rich, the skill is easy to learn and the market is
large, the wickerwork become more popular. With the economic
development, the improvement of the people's life and the larger market,
the peasant women also created many new products to adjust the market.
Influenced by Gu'an, more than 20 villages around Gu'an, such as Yang,
Dingzhou, Shuiping and Qingyuan County etc., also produce the
straw-woven wares. And the patterns become more and more varied, which
reach to more than 200 varieties from the original 5 or 6 varieties.
Handan Embroidery has a long
history. There was the record of Zhao Embroidery in the Spring and
Autumn Period and the Warring State that is 2500 years ago. After 1949,
this local craft recovered and developed. It can produce the
machine-embroidery pillowslip, sheet and wall hanging, while the
handicrafts used to be the stage costume. The products are special and
get into the international market.
Handan Embroidery takes over the
traditional crafts and also adds more than 30 new patterns, such as
"Golden Millet Dream", "the Plum Blossom Bloom the Second Time",
"Restore Good Relations between the General and the Minister", "Riding
and Shooting Like the Hu" and "Flowers, Grass, Birds and Fishes" etc. At
the same time, because the embroidery is also combined with the medical
and health care, the Huatuo medicated pillow, sleeping-care pillow and
children-health-care pillow are also produced.
Dacheng Cattail Hassock大城蒲垫
The cattail hassock takes the
leaf and root of cattail, corn peel and the root of club grass as the
main raw materials. The club grass grows widely in the low and wet
regions in the Northeast China, Northwest China, Shangdong Province and
Tianjin Port etc. Corn is one of the major crops in Dacheng, so the corn
peel resource is plenty for use.
Dacheng Cattail Hassocks are
divided into four kinds include the all-cattail ones, all-corn peel
ones, half-cattail and half-corn peel ones, half-cattail leaf and
half-cattail root ones. The cattail hassocks, such as the tea table
cushion, cup cushion, chair hassock, stairs hassock, floor mat, door mat
and circle mat etc., are mostly used in the chamber decoration.
The cattail-woven craft
originally is the local fabric craft in Dacheng County. In 1963, the
skill of cattail-woven craft began in Dacheng. Now there are more than
30 kinds and the annual output reach to over 3.6 million pieces.
An'xin Reed-woven Ware安新苇编
The reed-woven handicraft is
made of the reed of Baiyangdian and other materials. There are ten
processions in producing it, including the classification, cutting,
pressing, engraving and weaving etc. And the picture is plain, elegant,
beautiful and full of flowers, birds, insects, figures and buildings. So
it is suitable for collecting.
An'xin Reed-woven Ware receives
the visitors' praises. The picture Zhong Kui won the first prize in the
First China International Folk Arts Fair. The reed reel-picture is more
skillful. It breaks the frame of traditional arts of wall hanging with a
spectacle frame. It does not use the glass frame, wooden frame or board,
but make the material that is well prepared into the picture and
calligraphy on the painted scroll. It is easy to roll up and carry. The
art of the reed-woven ware originates in An'xin County of Baiyangdian,
in the North. The representatives include Yang Bingjun etc.
Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry涿州金丝挂毯
Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry
whose old name is Red Embroidered Blanket or Red Thread Blanket is the
imperial daily necessities. It has a long history of more than 2000
years. The ancient filigree blanket was made of gold, silver and pure
silk which have the long feather and bright color. The main four color
are red, yellow, blue and green.
The contemporary craftsmen carry
forward the ancient traditional craft and create the special Chinese
velvet pieces and gold filigree tapestry. The patterns have more than
500 kinds include "the Dragon and the Phoenix Bringing Prosperity",
"Mirage", "Nine Dragons", "the Eight Immortals" and "Guanyin" etc.
Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry is famous at home and abroad for its
plain and elegant style, new and varied patterns, exquisite and
wonderful skills. The humbler of the dao of gold filigree tapestry
include 120 dao, 200 dao, 260 dao, 300 dao, 350 dao and 400 dao etc. And
the Gold Filigree Tapestry of 400 dao is listed in one of the National
Eight Treasures and called "a rare national treasure".
The carpet spinning is one of
the local traditional crafts in Dacheng County. The carpet strings that
are of good strengthen and mode of Dimian yarn are taken as warps and
wefts to produce the velvet according to the picture design. Then after
the processions of cutting, washing, brushing the velvet and repairing,
the finished blanket is completed.
The "Sail" and "Peacock"
blankets that are produced by Dacheng Blanket Factory are named as the
national best brands of products.
Xian County Applique献县补花
Xian County Applique is created
on the basis of Chinese traditional applique craft. The different
colored base cloth is embroidered with patterns of flowers, birds and
animals, fishes and grass, figures and scenery that are designed by the
local craftsmen. The applique is magnificent in color, clear in
embossing and has the three-dimensional effect. And it is elegant and
beautiful, durable and long-lasting.
The patterns of Xian County
Applique have more than 600 varieties and more than 30 kinds, including
the tablecloth of different colors, sheet, quilt cover, apron, table
napkin, embroidered nightclothes, embroidered jacket, hand embroidered
door curtain and hand engraving embroidered window curtain etc.
Houdian Writing Brush侯店毛笔
Houdian Writing Brush, also
called Mengtian Brush, produce in Houdian Village that is in the south
suburban, Hengshui City. According to legends, Mengtian who led 3000
soldiers went to guard the northern frontier of Qin Dynasty and passed
Houdian just on the 3, March in the period between B.C. 221 and B.C.
207. He wrote a letter home with a brush that is made of the rabbit's
feather and bamboo pipe. And then, he presented the brush to the Houdian
natives. Later, the Houdian natives copied the "Mengtian Brush". In the
Qing Dynasty, the writing brush craftsman Li Wenkui opened a brush store
in Beijing. An eunuch who loves calligraphy became the sworn brother of
him and usually bought the brush. Later, because of the emperor's
appreciation, Houdian Writing Brush enjoyed the fame all over the
country and became the imperial brush. Therefore, on every 3, March, the
brush craftsmen of Houdian would set off firecrackers and spread a feast
to mark Mengtian who is the founder of Houdian Writing Brush.
The excellent materials from
which Houdian Writing Brush choose have more than 40 kinds of animals'
tail hair include the yellow wolf's tail, leopard cat's tail, badger's
hair, southern goat's hair, cow ear's hair, dog back's hair and mouse's
moustache etc. This hair possesses high resilience and tensile strength.
After the processions of steeping, pulling, callusing, linking and
assembling etc., the writing brushes of different kinds are made.
Houdian Writing Brush focuses on
the ornament to fit the need of users at home and abroad. The raw
materials are varied, such as "Empress Xiang Bamboo", "Phoenix's Eyes
Bamboo", "Sun Bamboo", "Red Wood" and "Ivory" etc. The mouth and end of
the penholder also inlaid with 17 raw materials, including teeth, bone,
horn and wood carvings etc. Some penholders relief the pictures or words
of "Dragon Plays with Phoenix", "Dragon Twists a Pillar", "Happiness,
Wealth and Longevity" and "the Herd-boy and the Weaving-girl" etc.
Especially the high-grade writing brush "Dragon Plays with Phoenix" that
is engraved with the ivory is not only a tool of calligraphy but also a
Yishui Archaic Inkstone易水古砚
Yishui Inkstone procured its
name from Zhongnanshang Mountain in Yi county, Hebei province, north of
China. In Tang Dynasty, there lived a Xi family on Inkstone making in Yi
county. The Xi father and his son found stone's nature in Zhongnanshang
Mountain was dense and solid, gorgeous and spotted, exquisite as jade,
both flexible and inflexible, when they carried Yi water from the valley
for grinding some day. Therefore, they picked it back home and engraved
into a fine Yi Inkstone. Afterwards the Xi family moved down to Hui
County, because of chaos caused by war. In Song Dynasty the emperor
called them in for the founder of Hui ink. Subsequently, Hui ink and Yi
stone then became the tributes at that time.
Yi stone usually made of
Jade-strip stone or jade-green-violet stone has been one of
four-nation-wide-famous stones. Craftsman managed various carving
techniques to engrave skillfully according to different ashlars and
materials so that the stones could be carved into top grade with
propitious patterns and mixed shapes. The shapes like dragon, fish,
tortoise, hop toad, silkworm, chess, and musical instrument have been
Baoding Medicine Ball保定健身球
Baoding medicine ball enjoys
a long history. In Ming Dynasty, the local craftsmen had manufactured
and sold the ball made of iron. Upon to Qing Dynasty, the technical
level had improved greatly so that they could produce male and female
hollow balls with steel reed and phonating board. Nowadays, this
traditional craftwork is turned into a kind of popular medical exercise
The main character is that 2
balls are 1 set, and one is louder, the other is lower in term of sound.
Hold and fiddle with your fingers directly or indirectly, and you will
sound silvery ring. In addition, the ball also has the function of
health protection and life prolonging.
Haixing Paper-cut is kind of
special folk art in Cang County area. Paper cutting is kind of folk
traditional decoration technique. The paper can be cut into kinds of
flowers, birds, beasts, characters, and patterns, etc. In Han, Tang
Dynasty, it had been very popular and fashionable for the common women
to cut gold and silver foils, colored brocades into flower and bird
patterns sticking to their sideburns. Even in Song, Yuan Dynasty, people
cut various patterns and designs sticking to the windows and door cases
as decoration during festivals and wedding day. In Ming, Qing Dynasty,
Paper-cut designs, types and decoration fields had been improved a lot.
Together with embroidery, paper cutting can be seen everywhere in
people's daily life. That is to say, paper cutting can be used for
clothes, caps, shoes, food, windows, doors, curtains, walls, carriages
as well as sedans. In early 1980s, Haixing Paper-cut enter into a
Main characters of Hai xing
Paper-cut are both lifelike and rough. Some lines are like ropes, and
some are like silk thread; mainly use mid or small scissors; color paper
might be large as a mat or small like a piece of snow or leaf. The
content is mainly from life. Works can be divided into 4 kind: flowers,
birds and beasts, people and patterns. Then technique has 3 type: from
beginning to end; from center to all sides, at random and respective
representatives are Sun shikun, Li liancheng and Qin xuelan.
The local Fengning Paper-cut, in
the area of Chengde, has a long history. In the year of Emperor Qianlong
(1736-1795) in the Qing Dynasty, it was popular in the country. And it
formed its own artistic style and character in the first years of
Fengning Paper-cut, divided into
the carving school and cutting school, is used or indoor decoration and
collection. Because of the expression of happiness, the window
decorations become a decoration for the Spring Festival, which is loved
by the people. The character is the leading of the relief cutting that
is accompanied by the intaglio cutting. In the composition, lines are
the leading ones that are accompanied by sides. The themes are mainly
animals, folk legends, opera figures, which can be painted in mixed
color or a single one. The pattern is plain and appears to all. Some
also use the exaggeration and deformation to form a new idea. In recent
years, Fengning Paper-cut has reformed on the basis of the traditional
techniques. So the Fengning Paper-cut gets into a higher level. Its
annual output reaches nearly ten million. In Fengning and Dage Counties,
there are hundreds of professional workshops and more than one thousand
craftsmen. In the last month of every year, there are markets for
selling the Paper-cuts.
In recent years, Fengning
Paper-cut become famous at home and abroad for its special feature. In
1984, two local Paper-cut craftsmen were invited to "Disneyland" to show
the paper cutting and enjoyed a great fame. After that, lots of Fengning
Paper-cuts are sold to overseas, which earns foreign exchange of
hundreds of million-Yuan.
Yu County Paper-cut蔚县剪纸
Wei County Paper-cut, originally
called window decoration, is the artistic treasure of Chinese folk
Paper-cut. It roots among the people, originated from the embroidered
patterns and is transplanted from the ancient opera. After the
development that is made by the craftsmen for hundreds of years, it
gradually forms the unique character and become the most special folk
Wei County Paper-cut is produced
under the processions of hand-made patterns, braising the paper, knife
cutting and coloring etc. In technique of cutting, the intaglio cutting
is the leading one that is accompanied by the relief cutting. The varied
themes mainly include opera figures, animals, trees and flowers, scenery
and gardens, lucky designs etc. The composition is excellent, the shapes
are varied, the designs are vivid, and the colors are bright. The whole
picture is filled with a rural flavor and strong aesthetics.
The representatives include Wang
Laoshang whose typical works are opera figures and Zhou Yongming who is
the first person to produce the Paper-cuts of the opera make-up-face.
Nowadays, the scale of the use of Paper-cut has expanded. The new
Paper-cut products include calendars, New Year Cards, invitation cards,
bookmarks, birthday cards, tourist souvenirs and first day covers etc.
It becomes the art souvenir to present to relatives, friends and guests.
It also becomes the bridge of the cultural and economic communications.
Therefore, Wei County turns into the famous "hometown of Paper-cut".
Yutian Clay Sculptures玉田泥塑
Hebei clay sculptures are funny
and colorful. The clay toys of Yutian, Xincheng, Wei and Bozhen Counties
have existed since ancient time. And the Yutian County of Tangshan is
famous for "Ancient plant the jade". It specialized in the traditional
local clay sculpture. In 12,1993, it was named "the hometown of Chinese
folk arts----------the hometown of folk clay sculpture".
It takes a long period of time
to create the local clay sculpture craft that is of useable and
aesthetic value. In the period of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty,
the craftsmen of clay sculpture, taking Liu Kai of Daojia Village as the
representative, enjoyed the fame. After that, with the continuous effort
made by the craftsmen, the Yutian Clay Sculpture hands down to today.
Yutian Clay Sculpture takes the
historic figures, fairy stories, gardens and animals as the theme. After
the clay is shaped and colored, it turns into the clay xun that is
played by the children. Some of the xuns are inlaid a small flute made
of reed stem at the bottom; some are prinked with two holes at the top
of the xun. When you blow the hole, the clay xun will send out a nice
sound. And this is called clay person on clay flute. It's egg-shaped,
simple and colorful. The procession of production include smoothening
the clay, moulding clay base, making clay mold, merging the clay and the
mold, inlaying the flute, drying in sun, paving the white bash, mixing
the glue and coloring. The representative works include "Eight Immortals
Crossing the Sea", "Kylin Brings the Son", "Big Rooster" and "Roly-Poly"
etc. This small colored clay sculpture that takes the painting as the
leading one is simple in shape. It is based on white and accompanied by
red, yellow, green and black. Since there are rubber band, iron spring,
the reed flute can send out sounds. And it is connected with kraft, so
when you swing it, the drum made of rabbit skin also can send out
Baigou Clay Sculpture白沟泥塑
Baigou Clay Sculpture of
Baobeidian in Baoding, also called Baigou Clay Doll, has a long history
of 300 years. The clay of which it made is tight after it was dried. The
shape is plain, rough. The color is heavy and bright. The composition is
bold and imaginable. And the theme is joyous. The powder is spread
first, then the coloring. And it divides into hundreds of kinds that
include the blow instruments, ornaments. Hand-holding and seals etc.
The theme is mostly from animals
and some from legend figures. The shape focuses on the feature of the
head, it emphasis the likeness of spirit, unlikeness of appearance,
exaggeration and deformation. And in the lower part of the whistle there
is a air-returning hole that can be as long as one chi or as short as
Because of the special artistic
style of Baigou Clay Sculpture, it has been out for exhibition for
several times and the best national gift to present. The products mainly
take the opera figure and historic stories as the dominant ones, such as
"Pilgrimage to the West", " Romance of the Three Kingdoms" and "Outlaws
of the Marsh" etc.
Ren County and Shenze Dough
The dough sculpture was popular
in the Central China in the Qing Dynasty. And it has developed since
1949. This rare artistic form is still remained in Ren County of Xingtai
and Shenze County of Shijiazhuang City.
The representative of Ren County
Clay Sculpture is Mao Qiaoying. She is a student of the famous Beijing
craftsman Li Baochun who is the real successor of "Dough Figure of
Tang". She has formed her own unique style in the dough sculpture arts.
She also made a special study of the formula and coloring. The feature
of her products is non-fading, non-deformation, non-chapper and able to
keep for a long time. The various content include the historic figures,
figures on TV or cartoons, animals, flowers and birds. She also has a
special skill of moulding a sculpture of a live person. The copy is
The representative of Shenze
Dough Sculpture is Wang Liang who is the first person to produce sets of
the dough sculptures. There are thousands of products of "Grass and
Insects" Set are collected by dough sculpture lovers at home and abroad.
His representative products are "Dough Sculpture of Cricket" and
China is the hometown of kite
that has a history of 2000 years. The Golden Dragon Crafts and Arts
Factory is a professional factory of producing the imperial kites. They
combine the traditional arts with the modern craft and creates the
unique products that are also of ancient flavor. Because of its unique
style and distinct local flavor, Langfang Kites get into the field of
crafts and arts.
Langfang Kites are varied in
kind and plenty in theme. Figures, birds, insects, fishes and shrimps,
relics and opera painted-face can be the objects to be copied. From the
whole structure, there are hard wings, soft wings, single one and a set
etc. For example, the Hawk Kite belongs to the type of hard wings, it is
careful in making and vivid in painting. It just like the real one when
it flies in the sky. And the imperial traditional one Shayan (a kind of
swallow) is just a single hard wings kite that is representative in the
area of Beijing and Tianjin. it has a good ability to fly. And no other
kites can beyond its height. And Butterfly Kite, also called Fengdie (a
kind of butterfly) is also the half-relief soft wings kites. It is just
the most popular one. Its color is bright, shape is beautiful and has a
good ability to fly high.
Tuntou Palace Lantern屯头宫灯
Tuntou Village in Shijiazhuang
City is famous for its production and sale of the Palace Lantern. The
lantern made by Tuntou natives is called "Palace Lantern". The Palace
Lantern is not only the eight-stand lantern or six-stand lantern that
pastes the paper, inlays the glass, paints the colored pictures and
hangs the tassels. According to the folklore, Tuntou Palace Lantern
originated in the years of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty and has a
history of more than 200 years.
The traditional producing craft
of the Palace Lantern needs 56 steps. All such as digging the bamboo
strips, washing the bamboo pole and drilling a hole are totally by hand.
After 1978, the Tuntou natives collected the traditional producing craft
of the Palace Lantern and produced the Palace Lantern of a new
generation. At the end of 1980s, Tuntou turned into the biggest national
professional village while produce the Palace Lantern. At present,
Tuntou has 1300 families, among which there are nearly 1000 families
that produce the Palace Lantern. A large number of lanterns of different
size and kind are sold to other parts of China and overseas in every
year. There are great developments not only of kinds and crafts but also
of the producing scale. The lines such as the palace lantern, colored
lantern, dragon lantern and colored banner have replaced the original
single ones. And the palace lantern also turns to the orange-shaped
lantern, ball-shaped lantern, melon-shaped lantern and running horse
lantern. Some of them are as small as a walnut, and some are as big as a
Shengfang Festive Lantern胜芳花灯
Shengfang is one of the famous
Six Towns that are directly under the central government in the Qing
Dynasty. Emperor Qianglong went to the South China by way of Shengfang
and praised it "the lotus in Shengfang is fragrant".
Shengfang has the beautiful
scenery and also has the exquisite lantern. Shengfang Festive Lantern is
led by the Xingyi Lantern. The most specialized one is "ten faces of
Zhubajie Lantern". On this lantern, ten pairs of ears can flap and ten
mouths can make a noise. And there are the "Crab-shaped Lantern" that
can move its eight foots, "Lotus Lantern" that can flow on the water and
"Small Vehicle Lantern" for children to play with etc.