河北同乡会
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Arts and Crafts of Hebei 河北工艺

  --- 中文版  

 

There are a large number of traditional and rich artistic handicrafts in Hebei province, not only the old-line traditional earthen arts, such as Kiln Ding, Kiln Ci, Kiln Xing and Black Pottery, but also the wonderful carving arts, such as stone carving, bone carving, wood carving and shell mosaic. In addition, there are also vivid ornaments include the cloth-pasted picture, filigree, filigree head ornaments, artificial amber, and also exquisite manual weaving arts, such as tapestry, wickerwork, reed-woven applique and embroidery, all kinds of literature and sport facilities, such as brush pens, Inkstones, balls, many hand-made products, such as paper-cut, mud-mold, flour-mold, kite, palace lantern and festive lantern.

 

Chinaware of Kiln Ding定窑陶瓷

Chinaware is one of five ancient traditional Chinese in China, produced in Quyang City, Hebei province. From Tang Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty, it had flourished for hundreds of years.    

With the fine quality, white and adamant surface, peculiar shape and colorful accessories, Chinaware of Kiln Ding is very famous in the world.

At the beginning of 1970s, Chinaware of Kiln Ding began to produce again. At present, besides the remained traditional excellent products, there are hundreds of new products of 8 sets, such as figures, wall ornaments, lampstands, stationery, the Eight Trigrams pots, magic pots, dragon-carved cups, zilv cup, tea cups, tableware, drinking ware, movie prop, mini-buildings. That completes the process from an imitation of Chinaware of Kiln Ding to the modern Chinaware of Kiln Ding. 

Quyang Dingci Co. Ltd. is the only Dingci chinaware manufacturing factory in ChinaIts' products export to Europe, North America, Japan, Africa and other countries, and get high praise from many China and foreign countries chinaware lovers, collectors and connoisseurs.

 

Cizhou Pottery磁州窑陶瓷

       Located in Pengchen and Cixian, Handan City, Hebei Provience, Cizhou Pottery belongs to the China famous civilian pottery, and it's the representative in North of China. Cizhou Pottery began to be produced at Shui Dynasty, prosperous in Tang Dynasty, and until Song Dynasty in 10th century, its' development reached the top and had civilian characteristics.       

The methods of making Cizhou Pottery are very fine, using design and painting together, having various themes, religious structures, vivid and historical custom pictures, such as flowers, birds, fish, insects, dragons, phoenixes, deer, horses, marketing view, old and young, poems, etc.     

Cizhou Pottery has colorful glazes, such as white, black, red and green, especially be famous for white color, using the black and white color in decoration. Kiln Cizhou mostly uses the artistic pottery and daily porcelain, which is the representative of folk pottery and porcelain in the north. In the history, Kiln Cizhou assembled more than 30 kinds of decorating skills. In the Song, Jin and Yuan Dynasty, it created the "Carving in the white base", "Embroidery in the iron", "Pearl's ground", "Brown in the white base", "Whit carved flowers", "Carved flower on black glaze" etc.

The kiln series of Kiln Cizhou have the same kinds of products in both south and north of Yellow River. In the period of the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, the blue and white products of this kiln covered the most area around the North China and South China. Now, Kiln Cizhou has become one of the biggest porcelain regions. Its products have the great value of appreciation, collection and use. 

 

Tangshan Chinaware唐山陶瓷   

Tanshan is one of main chinaware production place in China, having the honor of "chinaware capital in North of China". Manufactured from Ming Dynasty, about year 1403, during the long-term practice, Tangshan chinaware have formed its special local style, mainly including  

There are over 300 kind of Tangshang chinaware, including Chinese and foreign dishware, tea set, coffee set, wine set, stationery, smoking set, cup, dish, bowl, kinds of vase, porcelain carving, ceramic tile and fresco.   

The main methods of decorating Tanshan chinaware are carving, painting and glazing, and the representatives are bone china, while jade china, pencil stone, yulan china, etc. Every year, there are about 1500 products exported to Europe, North America, Australia.

 

Black Pottery黑陶 

Black Pottery rooted from Chinese old cultures and developed for more than 7,000 years. Originally, it regarded as people's daily appliances, and as time went on, it became into one simple but elegant art. The black potteries, from Xiongzhou and Taoshan in Hebei Provience, are the most famous.    

Xiongzhou Black Pottery has the features "close texture, simple, unsophisticated and elegant, color like the black jade, sounds like the chime stone". Having its unique manufacturing methods, the black pottery in Xiongzhou includes more than 460 catalogues, formed various varieties such as Black Pottery, Carving Pottery, etc. Black pottery has become the perfect goods of decorating hotels and rooms, presenting to friends and art collecting for its various styles.

Black Pottery of Xiongzhou got high praise for several times at the World Exposition Exhibition and National Exposition, and the products export to over 10 countries, such as USA, Japan, Singapore, Canada and Australia.    

The black pottery of Taoshan has several characteristics, black color, bright, thin but rigid surface, fine quality, elegant model, smart design, rich arts intention and representing full-bodied eastern culture. Getting the art of pottery, lacquer and setting, Taoshan Black Pottery has 4 main series about 500 varieties products, and many export to USA, West Europe and South-East of Asia. It has become into one of China traditional arts.     

 

White pottery of Kiln Xing邢窖白瓷

Originated in the place of Neiqiu, Hebei Provience, White Pottery of Kiln Xing belonged to the series of China Tang Dynasty pottery products. It began to be produced in Sui Dynasty, and till Tang Dynasty, it got deep development. In the middle of Tang Dynasty, it formed its particular feature, and its art achievements can compared with Yueyao Green Pottery.     

White Pottery of Kiln Xing and Green Pottery of Kiln Yue are the Main two representatives in Tang Dynasty Pottery Production. With rigid and thin surface, pure and bright glaze, White Pottery of Kiln Xing is often be used as bowl, bottle, plant, box, etc. 

 

Twisted Pottery绞胎陶瓷

       Twisted Pottery was a rare chinaware in Tang Dynasty. Pile up the mud of different colors together and twist it till forms the unique model, then let the product dry and fire it, a perfect pottery comes into been. Because of the special methods and different colors, the twisted pottery presents all kinds of abstract art pictures, and from the inside to the outside, the flower patterns connected together. The twisted pottery not only has the good quality, looking like gern, but also represents rich traditional nation art and unique style, feeling firm, slender and elegant.

       The traditional method of making the Twisting Pottery was lost in Song Dynasty, but through the continuously study, Yi Xian Twisted Pottery Manufacturing Co., Ltd, was successful in developing a new way of making the twisted pottery and the new products represent more art values. Until now, the twisted pottery has been regarded as our national gift and given to the foreign mugwumps for 9 times.            

 

Quyang Stone Carvings曲阳石雕

Quyang Stone Carvings of Hebei originated in the Han Dynasty and is popular in the Tang Dynasty. And there are lots of famous successive artists. The Golden Water Bridge in front of Beijing Tian'anmen was designed and built by Yang Qiong who from Quyang in the Yuan Dynasty. And the ten buildings, Chairman Mao Memorial Hall in Beijing, gardens and mausoleums all over the country are also the Quyang craftsmen' masterpieces. The old craftsman Lu Jinqiao, the Chinese first master of white marble carvings, was called as "Chinese artistic master" in the 3rd National Congress of Artistic Craftsmen and Professionals.

The natural white marble that is used in Quyang Stone Carvings is in rich reserves and grow under the Yellow Mountain in the south of the county. The white marble is bright, pure and durable. It is easy for carving, weathering-resisting and lasting in color.

Quyang Stone Carvings have varied kinds, such as the Eastern and Western figures, gardens and building, birds and beasts, fireplace, tombstone, varied handicrafts and household necessities and all kinds of planking.

Quyang Stone Carvings have the very special artistic styles, such as the wonderful conception, beautiful figures, clear and vivid decorative patterns, consummate and smooth cutting and slicing. The materials that are used include the white marble, granite, jade etc. The color include white, black, yellow, green, red and gray etc. What's more, there are various wood carvings.

Quyang County enjoys a fame of "the hometown of carvings" at home and abroad. Nowadays, on the basis of traditional skills, Quyang Stone Carvings also adopt the skills of modern stone carvings and engravings and create the new skills, such as sculpture, relief, line-carving and jade carving. They use the perspective, anatomy and aesthetics in the carving. And the products have more than 300 kinds. In 1991, Quyang was named "the hometown of Chinese folk arts-------the hometown of stone carvings" by Ministry of Culture.

 

Yangyuan Stone Carvings阳原石雕

Yangyuan Stone Carvings of Zhangjiakou have a long history. The stone materials have seven color of red, orange, blue, green, white and purple, which is called by a joint name of "Heng Mountain Jade". According to the records in Annals of Yangyuan County, the flint and jade in the area between Shibao Mountain and Pan Mountain were found and used in the Ming Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty, the local peasants generally mined the stones in their spare time. In the Republic of China, there were flint workshops in which produced the ring ornaments, fan pendants, seals, cigarette holders, snuff bottles and toys. They are sold not only in the area of Beijing and Tianjin but also far to Paris. After 1949, Yangyuan Carvings use the advantages of rich material reserves, good quality, bright color and close texture and form its own style and features gradually.

The handicrafts of Yangyuan Stone Carvings are carved with the jade-carving tools. The main products have hundreds of varieties of five kinds, such as the ancient and modern figures, animals, stone-like utensils, ornaments and handicrafts etc. They are the key products in Hebei. For example, the small marble carvings are exquisite smooth; the traditional carvings mainly use be lines, which is elegant; the imitation of the Western carvings is vivid. The products of figures, animals, flowers, birds and the four treasures of the study are different in shapes and styles include the classical, the abstract, the deformed and the realistical. And the large-size outdoor sculpture is new and special in approach, exact and vivid in shape, careful and durable in workmanship, rough and unconstrained in style. At present, there are more than one thousand workers who take carving as their jobs in Yangyuan. The annual output reaches to 20000 pieces.

Yangyuan Stone Carving Co. Ltd, the local biggest company that produces carving products, has produced more than 300 kinds of carvings.

 

Chengde Wood Chip Carvings承德木皮雕

Wood chip is the scrap with marks and grains on them. But their shape is natural. So they can be used as the new material for handicrafts. The wood chip carving is made of its own natural feature. It focuses on the natural harmony and pure beauty.

The craftsman Zhao Yizhi of Chengde has taken the root carving, stone engraving, horn carving and animal specimen making as his job for a long time. The wood chip carving is a new style of artistic creation that he has taken in recent years as a job to protect ecology and environment. The representative words include Peddling and Heavy-jowled and Potbellied etc.

 

Chengde Wood Carvings承德木雕

Chengde Wood Carvings, an artistic masterpiece that is based on the traditional wood carving arts, use the unique and precious wood as the material and have the distinct local artistic character. The production of "Nanmu Table" has a history of more than 200 years.

The craftsmen use the elm, Chinese catalpa, apricot and linden as the material to carry them into the shapes of the kang table, round table, square table, side table and sofa bed etc. The center surface of the table  is inlaid with the beautiful pieces of elm and orange Chinese catalpa carvings. The grain is beautiful and varied. The surface of the table uses wood chips of different colors to form the varied three-dimensional pattern. And around the pattern, the scenery, ancient building, hills and stones of Yanshan Mountain in Chengde are carved.

"Day-open and Night-close Wood" is a rare and precious local wood. The texture of this wood is bright, pure and smooth. The craftsman carved it into the shapes of hanging screen, seating screen and table plaque etc. and also carved flowers, birds, animals, temples and hills on it to make them exquisite and special.

 

An'xin Wood Relief安新木制浮雕

The arts of Wood Relief Hanging is one of local arts of Baiyangdian in An'xin. It uses the natural color of different kinds of wood and is produced after the procession of decomposition, lightening and covering. And it has the features of non-fading, non-deformation and long-lasting. In recent years, the handicrafts of Wood Relief have developed and became the special tourist products of Baiyangdian.

From 1992, the local craftsman Guang Yu of An'xin has been engaged in studying this craft. Hundreds of patterns designed by him are approved by the foreign merchants and experts and have won prizes in the large fairs for several times.

 

Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic秦皇岛贝雕画

Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic is the handicraft that is made of the spiral shells from the seashore. The local craftsmen of the shell carving use the traditional skills of shell inlaying and the structure of Chinese traditional painting. They adopt the strong points of the arts of teeth carving and wood carving, and carve the varied and interesting relief picture. And it gets its own special style.

The craftsmen use the natural color, grain and shape of the shells, accord the need of pattern and inlay the Qinhuangdao Shell Mosaic. It has the exquisite workmanship and careful ornament. After the shell is cut and smoothened, some of them are as thin as cicada's wings, some are as tiny as the grain of rice, some are as thin as hair and some are as bright as pearls. In order to made every line or every part more distinct, the craftsmen also choose the shell that has a original color to make the color of the picture more vivid. For example, the Red-mouth Spinal is used as the camellia and the Pink-mouth one is used as the lotus.

 

Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber山海关人造琥珀

Amber, is a kind of resin fossil that is formed from the natural resin for thousands of years. It is just as precious as agate and jadeite. With the advantages of facing the sea and rich wild plants and animals' resources, Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber that copies the natural amber use the artificial resin, encircle the plants and animals' bodies in the crystal.

Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber has not only scientific value but also artistic value. The biotic specimen made by the workmanship of artificial amber can remain the original color and shape for a long rime. Since it can reappear the varied biotic postures in the nature, it has an important meaning in science, teaching and exhibition. At the same time, it can made into all kinds of ornaments, daily necessities and souvenirs to beautify the people's lives.

At present, Shanhai Pass Artificial Amber has more than 120 kinds include the cicada, shrimp, butterfly, frog, locust, mantis, small tortoise and crab etc.

 

Inner-painted Snuff Bottle内画鼻烟壶

The snuff bottle is the result of the combination of Chinese culture and Western culture. In the period between the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the snuff was carried to China and the snuffbox gradually changed into the snuff bottle. Inner-painted Snuff Bottle, a unique Chinese handicraft, originated in the period of Emperor Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty and has a history of 200 years. It uses the specially-made hook-shaped brush and bamboo pen that dip the pigments to paint in the inner-wall of the bottle according to the method of the Chinese traditional paintings. Inner-painted Snuff Bottle, a unique handicraft that is of a high artistic value, is the very treasure that lots of collector would collect.

Inner-painted Snuff Bottle is a mini-handicraft that uses the agate, crystal and glass as the base and has a picture that is painted in the inner-wall. At present, there are four schools in the country-------Ji School, Jing School, Lu School and Yue School. And the Ji School that is famous for its pictures of mountains and rivers, flowers and birds, animals, insects and figures. It has the exquisite workmanship, form and spirit, calligraphy and painting at both.

Wang Xisan is a representative of arts of inner painting. His works are deep, vivid, varied in lines, harmony in color, careful in arrangement and elegant in pattern. Hengshui Special Handicrafts Factory is a professional factory that produces the inner-painted products. The products include the inner-painted ornaments, beads, drinking set, outer-painted "Ancient Moon House" large glassware and enamel.

 

Dachang Bone Carvings大厂骨雕

Bone carving, evolved from the ivory carving, was carried from Beijing to Dachang County of Langfang in the beginning of 1970s. Bone carving products include all kinds of figures, animals, plants and buildings, such as Buddha sculptures, maidservants, warriors, horses, elephants, lions, Chinese cabbages, pagodas and temples etc. Among the shapes, some are powerful and grand, some are small and exquisite, some are graceful and some are good-natured. And some of the colors are plain, others are bright.

There are three big factories that produce the bone carvings in Dachang County-----Zhang Shaozong's, Zhang Shaohe's and Zhang Shaohua's. the bone carvings mainly have three kinds of workmanship that are assembling, wrapping and coloring. The procession is as following: cut the bone into pieces and smoothen them, then adhere them to a wooden base, then followed the polishing, carving, coloring and assembling. And some products are decorated with bronze and iron, which are more colorful and varied.

 

Teng Cloth-pasted Picture滕氏布糊画

Teng Cloth-pasted Picture is a new kind of picture that is invented by the famous folk artist Teng Teng of Fengning in Chengde City.

The skill of Teng Cloth-pasted Picture adopts the strong points of the painting, carving, embroidering, mounting and Paper-cut. It is particular in using materials, magnificent in colors, exquisite in workmanship, vivid in pictures, special in subjects and suitable for collecting etc. Either the figure, scenery or birds, flowers, fishes, insects can be painted in a picture. It has the effect of perspective in oil painting, also the character of Chinese traditional painting. It has not only the colorful appearance of Gongbi Picture but also the style of cloth-pasted picture. The procession of the cloth-pasted picture include the outline drawing, decomposition, plate making, plastic, burdening, cloth pasting, assembling and decorating. Among the varied materials, the leading ones are twill-weave silk, satin, others include the wood, paperboard, sponge, silk flowers and hear ornaments etc.

The high-grade handicrafts and ornaments of Teng Cloth-pasted Picture now have hundreds of varieties of four major kinds. The representative works are "Dragon and Phoenix Wall", "The Peerless Cloth-pasted Temple", "The Magic Phoenix Bottle" and "Daweide's Fear of Buddha" etc.

 

Zhangjiakou Silver Filigree Ornament张家口银花丝摆件

Zhangjiakou Silver Filigree Ornament is produced on the basis of raking over our Chinese traditional craft of silver. It was the exquisite filigree craft, choose all kinds of subjects of folk arts, then complete the excellent artistic shape that is clear and harmony on the basis of setoff, decoration and color. Then the silver lines that are as thin as hair are used to complete the ornaments under the procession of welding, bluing, gilding, inlaying the treasure. The representative ones are "Lotus Lantern" and "Peacock and Peony" etc.

The handicrafts that have a heavy national character are mainly sold to Kuwait, Japan, Philippines, Hong Kong and other countries and areas.

 

Dacheng Filigree大城花丝

Dacheng Filigree is an old traditional folk craft. When there are gold and silver products, there is a beginning of filigree craft. The filigree craft include engraving and inlaying. The engraving is to engrave flowers, birds, fishes, insects and figures with a burin on a finished bronze board or silver board. The inlaying is to make up a original base by merging the engraved bronze board and silver board together and complete it by electroplating it with gold, silver or electrophoresis.

The texture of filigree crafts include the iron, bronze and silver. The iron is used for the cup, sword and spear and sign board etc. The bronze is used for the cloisonné, plaque and head ornament box etc. And the silver is used for the high-grade products, such as the Buddhism Guanyin sculpture, Wealth God sculpture, dragon, phoenix, kettle and bowl etc.

Chenfu Village Filigree Craft of Dacheng Hui Autonomous County in Langfang is just the representative one.

 

Gu'an Wickerwork固安柳编

Gu'an County of Hebei enjoys the fame "the hometown of wickerwork". The wickerwork is a traditional handicraft in Gu'an and has a history of 600 years. As early as the period of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty, the local peasants began to plant willow and weave the wickerwork. In the first years of the Qing Dynasty, the local wickerwork include the wicker suitcase, basket, sheng, dustpan and shallow basket that are exquisite in skill, beautiful in shape, durable and sold to Beijing, Tianjin and Suzhou. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the wickerwork products have hundreds of varieties.

After 1949, Gu'an Wickerwork developed greatly and became a wickerwork craft of the combination of aesthetics, weaving skills and scientific technologies. In 1960s, the wickerwork go around the whole country. And there are more than 4000 persons take it as their jobs. The main handicrafts include the suitcase, tea table, fruit basket, gaily decorated basket, bread basket, gift basket, tableware plate, mul-layer hanging plate and head ornament box etc. Since 1963, Gu'an Wickerwork have exported more that 300 kinds of products that are sold to over 40 countries and areas, including Japan, America, Western Germany, France and Italy etc.

 

Wangdu Straw-woven Ware望都草编

The straw-woven ware is a local handicraft of Wangdu and Tang County. The raw material is the stem or stalk of wheat that is woven, colored and made by peasant women, and made into the daily ornamental necessities, such as straw hat and gaily decorated basket etc.

Since 1972, some women of Wangdu have taken the straw-woven ware as their sideline. Because the raw material resource is rich, the skill is easy to learn and the market is large, the wickerwork become more popular. With the economic development, the improvement of the people's life and the larger market, the peasant women also created many new products to adjust the market. Influenced by Gu'an, more than 20 villages around Gu'an, such as Yang, Dingzhou, Shuiping and Qingyuan County etc., also produce the straw-woven wares. And the patterns become more and more varied, which reach to more than 200 varieties from the original 5 or 6 varieties.

 

Handan Embroidery邯郸剌绣

Handan Embroidery has a long history. There was the record of Zhao Embroidery in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring State that is 2500 years ago. After 1949, this local craft recovered and developed. It can produce the machine-embroidery pillowslip, sheet and wall hanging, while the handicrafts used to be the stage costume. The products are special and get into the international market.

Handan Embroidery takes over the traditional crafts and also adds more than 30 new patterns, such as "Golden Millet Dream", "the Plum Blossom Bloom the Second Time", "Restore Good Relations between the General and the Minister", "Riding and Shooting Like the Hu" and "Flowers, Grass, Birds and Fishes" etc. At the same time, because the embroidery is also combined with the medical and health care, the Huatuo medicated pillow, sleeping-care pillow and children-health-care pillow are also produced.

 

Dacheng Cattail Hassock大城蒲垫

The cattail hassock takes the leaf and root of cattail, corn peel and the root of club grass as the main raw materials. The club grass grows widely in the low and wet regions in the Northeast China, Northwest China, Shangdong Province and Tianjin Port etc. Corn is one of the major crops in Dacheng, so the corn peel resource is plenty for use.

Dacheng Cattail Hassocks are divided into four kinds include the all-cattail ones, all-corn peel ones, half-cattail and half-corn peel ones, half-cattail leaf and half-cattail root ones. The cattail hassocks, such as the tea table cushion, cup cushion, chair hassock, stairs hassock, floor mat, door mat and circle mat etc., are mostly used in the chamber decoration.

The cattail-woven craft originally is the local fabric craft in Dacheng County. In 1963, the skill of cattail-woven craft began in Dacheng. Now there are more than 30 kinds and the annual output reach to over 3.6 million pieces.

 

An'xin Reed-woven Ware安新苇编

The reed-woven handicraft is made of the reed of Baiyangdian and other materials. There are ten processions in producing it, including the classification, cutting, pressing, engraving and weaving etc. And the picture is plain, elegant, beautiful and full of flowers, birds, insects, figures and buildings. So it is suitable for collecting.

An'xin Reed-woven Ware receives the visitors' praises. The picture Zhong Kui won the first prize in the First China International Folk Arts Fair. The reed reel-picture is more skillful. It breaks the frame of traditional arts of wall hanging with a spectacle frame. It does not use the glass frame, wooden frame or board, but make the material that is well prepared into the picture and calligraphy on the painted scroll. It is easy to roll up and carry. The art of the reed-woven ware originates in An'xin County of Baiyangdian, in the North. The representatives include Yang Bingjun etc.

 

Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry涿州金丝挂毯

Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry whose old name is Red Embroidered Blanket or Red Thread Blanket is the imperial daily necessities. It has a long history of more than 2000 years. The ancient filigree blanket was made of gold, silver and pure silk which have the long feather and bright color. The main four color are red, yellow, blue and green.

The contemporary craftsmen carry forward the ancient traditional craft and create the special Chinese velvet pieces and gold filigree tapestry. The patterns have more than 500 kinds include "the Dragon and the Phoenix Bringing Prosperity", "Mirage", "Nine Dragons", "the Eight Immortals" and "Guanyin" etc. Zhuozhou Gold Filigree Tapestry is famous at home and abroad for its plain and elegant style, new and varied patterns, exquisite and wonderful skills. The humbler of the dao of gold filigree tapestry include 120 dao, 200 dao, 260 dao, 300 dao, 350 dao and 400 dao etc. And the Gold Filigree Tapestry of 400 dao is listed in one of the National Eight Treasures and called "a rare national treasure".

 

Dacheng Carpet大城地毯

The carpet spinning is one of the local traditional crafts in Dacheng County. The carpet strings that are of good strengthen and mode of Dimian yarn are taken as warps and wefts to produce the velvet according to the picture design. Then after the processions of cutting, washing, brushing the velvet and repairing, the finished blanket is completed.

The "Sail" and "Peacock" blankets that are produced by Dacheng Blanket Factory are named as the national best brands of products.

 

Xian County Applique献县补花

Xian County Applique is created on the basis of Chinese traditional applique craft. The different colored base cloth is embroidered with patterns of flowers, birds and animals, fishes and grass, figures and scenery that are designed by the local craftsmen. The applique is magnificent in color, clear in embossing and has the three-dimensional effect. And it is elegant and beautiful, durable and long-lasting.

The patterns of Xian County Applique have more than 600 varieties and more than 30 kinds, including the tablecloth of different colors, sheet, quilt cover, apron, table napkin, embroidered nightclothes, embroidered jacket, hand embroidered door curtain and hand engraving embroidered window curtain etc.

 

Houdian Writing Brush侯店毛笔

Houdian Writing Brush, also called Mengtian Brush, produce in Houdian Village that is in the south suburban, Hengshui City. According to legends, Mengtian who led 3000 soldiers went to guard the northern frontier of Qin Dynasty and passed Houdian just on the 3, March in the period between B.C. 221 and B.C. 207. He wrote a letter home with a brush that is made of the rabbit's feather and bamboo pipe. And then, he presented the brush to the Houdian natives. Later, the Houdian natives copied the "Mengtian Brush". In the Qing Dynasty, the writing brush craftsman Li Wenkui opened a brush store in Beijing. An eunuch who loves calligraphy became the sworn brother of him and usually bought the brush. Later, because of the emperor's appreciation, Houdian Writing Brush enjoyed the fame all over the country and became the imperial brush. Therefore, on every 3, March, the brush craftsmen of Houdian would set off firecrackers and spread a feast to mark Mengtian who is the founder of Houdian Writing Brush.

The excellent materials from which Houdian Writing Brush choose have more than 40 kinds of animals' tail hair include the yellow wolf's tail, leopard cat's tail, badger's hair, southern goat's hair, cow ear's hair, dog back's hair and mouse's moustache etc. This hair possesses high resilience and tensile strength. After the processions of steeping, pulling, callusing, linking and assembling etc., the writing brushes of different kinds are made.

Houdian Writing Brush focuses on the ornament to fit the need of users at home and abroad. The raw materials are varied, such as "Empress Xiang Bamboo", "Phoenix's Eyes Bamboo", "Sun Bamboo", "Red Wood" and "Ivory" etc. The mouth and end of the penholder also inlaid with 17 raw materials, including teeth, bone, horn and wood carvings etc. Some penholders relief the pictures or words of "Dragon Plays with Phoenix", "Dragon Twists a Pillar", "Happiness, Wealth and Longevity" and "the Herd-boy and the Weaving-girl" etc. Especially the high-grade writing brush "Dragon Plays with Phoenix" that is engraved with the ivory is not only a tool of calligraphy but also a artistic treasure.

 

Yishui Archaic Inkstone易水古砚

    Yishui Inkstone procured its name from Zhongnanshang Mountain in Yi county, Hebei province, north of China. In Tang Dynasty, there lived a Xi family on Inkstone making in Yi county. The Xi father and his son found stone's nature in Zhongnanshang Mountain was dense and solid, gorgeous and spotted, exquisite as jade, both flexible and inflexible, when they carried Yi water from the valley for grinding some day. Therefore, they picked it back home and engraved into a fine Yi Inkstone. Afterwards the Xi family moved down to Hui County, because of chaos caused by war. In Song Dynasty the emperor called them in for the founder of Hui ink. Subsequently, Hui ink and Yi stone then became the tributes at that time.

    Yi stone usually made of Jade-strip stone or jade-green-violet stone has been one of four-nation-wide-famous stones. Craftsman managed various carving techniques to engrave skillfully according to different ashlars and materials so that the stones could be carved into top grade with propitious patterns and mixed shapes. The shapes like dragon, fish, tortoise, hop toad, silkworm, chess, and musical instrument have been famous craftworks.

 

Baoding Medicine Ball保定健身球

    Baoding medicine ball enjoys a long history. In Ming Dynasty, the local craftsmen had manufactured and sold the ball made of iron. Upon to Qing Dynasty, the technical level had improved greatly so that they could produce male and female hollow balls with steel reed and phonating board. Nowadays, this traditional craftwork is turned into a kind of popular medical exercise equipment.

    The main character is that 2 balls are 1 set, and one is louder, the other is lower in term of sound. Hold and fiddle with your fingers directly or indirectly, and you will sound silvery ring. In addition, the ball also has the function of health protection and life prolonging.

 

Haixing Paper-cut海兴剪纸

    Haixing Paper-cut is kind of special folk art in Cang County area. Paper cutting is kind of folk traditional decoration technique. The paper can be cut into kinds of flowers, birds, beasts, characters, and patterns, etc. In Han, Tang Dynasty, it had been very popular and fashionable for the common women to cut gold and silver foils, colored brocades into flower and bird patterns sticking to their sideburns. Even in Song, Yuan Dynasty, people cut various patterns and designs sticking to the windows and door cases as decoration during festivals and wedding day. In Ming, Qing Dynasty, Paper-cut designs, types and decoration fields had been improved a lot. Together with embroidery, paper cutting can be seen everywhere in people's daily life. That is to say, paper cutting can be used for clothes, caps, shoes, food, windows, doors, curtains, walls, carriages as well as sedans. In early 1980s, Haixing Paper-cut enter into a fast-development state.

    Main characters of Hai xing Paper-cut are both lifelike and rough. Some lines are like ropes, and some are like silk thread; mainly use mid or small scissors; color paper might be large as a mat or small like a piece of snow or leaf. The content is mainly from life. Works can be divided into 4 kind: flowers, birds and beasts, people and patterns. Then technique has 3 type: from beginning to end; from center to all sides, at random and respective representatives are Sun shikun, Li liancheng and Qin xuelan.

 

Fengning Paper-cut丰宁剪纸

The local Fengning Paper-cut, in the area of Chengde, has a long history. In the year of Emperor Qianlong (1736-1795) in the Qing Dynasty, it was popular in the country. And it formed its own artistic style and character in the first years of Emperor Guangxu.

Fengning Paper-cut, divided into the carving school and cutting school, is used or indoor decoration and collection. Because of the expression of happiness, the window decorations become a decoration for the Spring Festival, which is loved by the people. The character is the leading of the relief cutting that is accompanied by the intaglio cutting. In the composition, lines are the leading ones that are accompanied by sides. The themes are mainly animals, folk legends, opera figures, which can be painted in mixed color or a single one. The pattern is plain and appears to all. Some also use the exaggeration and deformation to form a new idea. In recent years, Fengning Paper-cut has reformed on the basis of the traditional techniques. So the Fengning Paper-cut gets into a higher level. Its annual output reaches nearly ten million. In Fengning and Dage Counties, there are hundreds of professional workshops and more than one thousand craftsmen. In the last month of every year, there are markets for selling the Paper-cuts.

In recent years, Fengning Paper-cut become famous at home and abroad for its special feature. In 1984, two local Paper-cut craftsmen were invited to "Disneyland" to show the paper cutting and enjoyed a great fame. After that, lots of Fengning Paper-cuts are sold to overseas, which earns foreign exchange of hundreds of million-Yuan.

 

Yu County Paper-cut蔚县剪纸

Wei County Paper-cut, originally called window decoration, is the artistic treasure of Chinese folk Paper-cut. It roots among the people, originated from the embroidered patterns and is transplanted from the ancient opera. After the development that is made by the craftsmen for hundreds of years, it gradually forms the unique character and become the most special folk handicraft.

Wei County Paper-cut is produced under the processions of hand-made patterns, braising the paper, knife cutting and coloring etc. In technique of cutting, the intaglio cutting is the leading one that is accompanied by the relief cutting. The varied themes mainly include opera figures, animals, trees and flowers, scenery and gardens, lucky designs etc. The composition is excellent, the shapes are varied, the designs are vivid, and the colors are bright. The whole picture is filled with a rural flavor and strong aesthetics.

The representatives include Wang Laoshang whose typical works are opera figures and Zhou Yongming who is the first person to produce the Paper-cuts of the opera make-up-face. Nowadays, the scale of the use of Paper-cut has expanded. The new Paper-cut products include calendars, New Year Cards, invitation cards, bookmarks, birthday cards, tourist souvenirs and first day covers etc. It becomes the art souvenir to present to relatives, friends and guests. It also becomes the bridge of the cultural and economic communications. Therefore, Wei County turns into the famous "hometown of Paper-cut".

 

Yutian Clay Sculptures玉田泥塑

Hebei clay sculptures are funny and colorful. The clay toys of Yutian, Xincheng, Wei and Bozhen Counties have existed since ancient time. And the Yutian County of Tangshan is famous for "Ancient plant the jade". It specialized in the traditional local clay sculpture. In 12,1993, it was named "the hometown of Chinese folk arts----------the hometown of folk clay sculpture".

It takes a long period of time to create the local clay sculpture craft that is of useable and aesthetic value. In the period of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty, the craftsmen of clay sculpture, taking Liu Kai of Daojia Village as the representative, enjoyed the fame. After that, with the continuous effort made by the craftsmen, the Yutian Clay Sculpture hands down to today.

Yutian Clay Sculpture takes the historic figures, fairy stories, gardens and animals as the theme. After the clay is shaped and colored, it turns into the clay xun that is played by the children. Some of the xuns are inlaid a small flute made of reed stem at the bottom; some are prinked with two holes at the top of the xun. When you blow the hole, the clay xun will send out a nice sound. And this is called clay person on clay flute. It's egg-shaped, simple and colorful. The procession of production include smoothening the clay, moulding clay base, making clay mold, merging the clay and the mold, inlaying the flute, drying in sun, paving the white bash, mixing the glue and coloring. The representative works include "Eight Immortals Crossing the Sea", "Kylin Brings the Son", "Big Rooster" and "Roly-Poly" etc. This small colored clay sculpture that takes the painting as the leading one is simple in shape. It is based on white and accompanied by red, yellow, green and black. Since there are rubber band, iron spring, the reed flute can send out sounds. And it is connected with kraft, so when you swing it, the drum made of rabbit skin also can send out sounds.

 

Baigou Clay Sculpture白沟泥塑

Baigou Clay Sculpture of Baobeidian in Baoding, also called Baigou Clay Doll, has a long history of 300 years. The clay of which it made is tight after it was dried. The shape is plain, rough. The color is heavy and bright. The composition is bold and imaginable. And the theme is joyous. The powder is spread first, then the coloring. And it divides into hundreds of kinds that include the blow instruments, ornaments. Hand-holding and seals etc.

The theme is mostly from animals and some from legend figures. The shape focuses on the feature of the head, it emphasis the likeness of spirit, unlikeness of appearance, exaggeration and deformation. And in the lower part of the whistle there is a air-returning hole that can be as long as one chi or as short as one cun.

Because of the special artistic style of Baigou Clay Sculpture, it has been out for exhibition for several times and the best national gift to present. The products mainly take the opera figure and historic stories as the dominant ones, such as "Pilgrimage to the West", " Romance of the Three Kingdoms" and "Outlaws of the Marsh" etc.

 

Ren County and Shenze Dough Sculpture任县、深泽面塑

The dough sculpture was popular in the Central China in the Qing Dynasty. And it has developed since 1949. This rare artistic form is still remained in Ren County of Xingtai and Shenze County of Shijiazhuang City.

The representative of Ren County Clay Sculpture is Mao Qiaoying. She is a student of the famous Beijing craftsman Li Baochun who is the real successor of "Dough Figure of Tang". She has formed her own unique style in the dough sculpture arts. She also made a special study of the formula and coloring. The feature of her products is non-fading, non-deformation, non-chapper and able to keep for a long time. The various content include the historic figures, figures on TV or cartoons, animals, flowers and birds. She also has a special skill of moulding a sculpture of a live person. The copy is absolutely lifelike.

The representative of Shenze Dough Sculpture is Wang Liang who is the first person to produce sets of the dough sculptures. There are thousands of products of "Grass and Insects" Set are collected by dough sculpture lovers at home and abroad. His representative products are "Dough Sculpture of Cricket" and "Countryside" etc.

 

Langfang Kites廊坊风筝

China is the hometown of kite that has a history of 2000 years. The Golden Dragon Crafts and Arts Factory is a professional factory of producing the imperial kites. They combine the traditional arts with the modern craft and creates the unique products that are also of ancient flavor. Because of its unique style and distinct local flavor, Langfang Kites get into the field of crafts and arts.

Langfang Kites are varied in kind and plenty in theme. Figures, birds, insects, fishes and shrimps, relics and opera painted-face can be the objects to be copied. From the whole structure, there are hard wings, soft wings, single one and a set etc. For example, the Hawk Kite belongs to the type of hard wings, it is careful in making and vivid in painting. It just like the real one when it flies in the sky. And the imperial traditional one Shayan (a kind of swallow) is just a single hard wings kite that is representative in the area of Beijing and Tianjin. it has a good ability to fly. And no other kites can beyond its height. And Butterfly Kite, also called Fengdie (a kind of butterfly) is also the half-relief soft wings kites. It is just the most popular one. Its color is bright, shape is beautiful and has a good ability to fly high.

 

Tuntou Palace Lantern屯头宫灯

Tuntou Village in Shijiazhuang City is famous for its production and sale of the Palace Lantern. The lantern made by Tuntou natives is called "Palace Lantern". The Palace Lantern is not only the eight-stand lantern or six-stand lantern that pastes the paper, inlays the glass, paints the colored pictures and hangs the tassels. According to the folklore, Tuntou Palace Lantern originated in the years of Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty and has a history of more than 200 years.

The traditional producing craft of the Palace Lantern needs 56 steps. All such as digging the bamboo strips, washing the bamboo pole and drilling a hole are totally by hand. After 1978, the Tuntou natives collected the traditional producing craft of the Palace Lantern and produced the Palace Lantern of a new generation. At the end of 1980s, Tuntou turned into the biggest national professional village while produce the Palace Lantern. At present, Tuntou has 1300 families, among which there are nearly 1000 families that produce the Palace Lantern. A large number of lanterns of different size and kind are sold to other parts of China and overseas in every year. There are great developments not only of kinds and crafts but also of the producing scale. The lines such as the palace lantern, colored lantern, dragon lantern and colored banner have replaced the original single ones. And the palace lantern also turns to the orange-shaped lantern, ball-shaped lantern, melon-shaped lantern and running horse lantern. Some of them are as small as a walnut, and some are as big as a house.

 

Shengfang Festive Lantern胜芳花灯

Shengfang is one of the famous Six Towns that are directly under the central government in the Qing Dynasty. Emperor Qianglong went to the South China by way of Shengfang and praised it "the lotus in Shengfang is fragrant".

Shengfang has the beautiful scenery and also has the exquisite lantern. Shengfang Festive Lantern is led by the Xingyi Lantern. The most specialized one is "ten faces of Zhubajie Lantern". On this lantern, ten pairs of ears can flap and ten mouths can make a noise. And there are the "Crab-shaped Lantern" that can move its eight foots, "Lotus Lantern" that can flow on the water and "Small Vehicle Lantern" for children to play with etc.

 

 

 

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